I removed the speedometer gear first. Looks like it can go in one of four ways depending on the diameter of that little black gear. Presumably this is so you can compensate for different diameter wheels which would affect your speedometer reading.
Next, the extension housing came off. I had to reach in with a pair of clip ring pliers through a slot in the bottom of the extension housing to spread apart a clip ring. This released the output shaft bearing and allowed the extension housing to be removed.
I removed the filter and valve body as a unit. The valve body is the brain of the transmission. Fluid travels through lots of little passages and is governed by valves, springs and ball bearings. As the engine speed increases, the fluid pressure increases, causing the valves to move and allowing the fluid to flow through different channels, eventually actuating the servos. An actuated servo tightens a band that’s wrapped around a clutch assembly preventing the clutch from moving. Tightening and releasing the bands in different combinations gives you your different gears (1st, 2nd, 3rd, reverse and neutral).
I slid the output shaft out. That big gear is the park lock gear. When you put the car in park, a lever swings down and engages the teeth of that gear. I always like to put my parking brake on first then put the car in park to save wear and tear on this gear. That way you don’t have the entire weight of the car resting on it.
Here’s another shot of the sprag. It keeps the transmission from freewheeling in the event of a broken drive train component behind the transmission (u-joint, drive shaft, etc.). It also only allows rotation in one direction. Kinda cool how it works. Each roller has a little spring pushing it into the tight walls of a “V” shaped channel. Rotation causes the springs to compress slightly and the rollers can move. When I pulled that center ring out, all the springs and rollers went flying (I knew that would happen). I collected them all and stashed them in a safe place for reassembly later.
Here are all the parts that came out. It’s amazing to think that all of these were designed before there was any CAD, rapid prototyping, simulation software, 3D modeling, etc. Just pure mathematics, brain power and perhaps a lot of trial and error.